Posts tagged mohamedashraf.

The beginning of the Israelites

Prophet Israel (Jacob) later had 11 sons (some sources say in Palestine, some say in Haran in southern Turkey) which include Prophet Joseph. Prophet Joseph then had an incident with his brothers and found his way into Egypt. Jacob then had his 12th son Benjamin. Those 12 sons are known in arabic as (الاسباط).

Prophet Joseph had quite a tale in Egypt (we won’t go into detail as its not directly related to Palestine). Eventually however he called upon his father to migrate to Egypt to live with him.

At this point Jacob along with his 11 other sons, their wives and their children (an estimated 72 people) migrated to Egypt and setteled there to become The Israelites (بني اسرائيل).

At this point the Heksos were in power in Egypt, and due to their reletive religious tolerance the Israelites were able to worship God for about 150 years up to when the Pharoah King Ahmos I kicked the Heksos out of Egypt and started the era of the Pharoahs.

The Pharoas however had no religious tolerance at all. They even considered the Israelites as traitors who tried to aid the Heksos. For 300 years the Israelites were prosecuted very heavily. And its this prosecution that changed them forever and gave them a ‘prosecuted mentality’ and many of the negative traits the Israelites are known for (by both Islamic and Jewish sources) and which will become apparent as the story continues.

[To read the full story of the Promised Land, click here ]

Who built Al Aqsa Mosque?

Who built the Aqsa Mosque is a question that is answered primarily from Muslim traditions. This is important because it will explain the high status of The Mosque to Muslims. There are three theories based on several hadiths and verses from the Quran:

  • That Prophet Adam built al Haram (in Mecca) then 40 years later built Al Masjid Al Aqsa (in Jerusalem), adding him to our list of Prophets who were in Palestine at some point.
  • That Prophet Abraham built both, again with a 40 year interval in between. Or that he built al Haram and his son Ishmael or his grandson Jacob built Al Aqsa.
  • That Prophet David started building Al Aqsa, to be finished by his son Prophet Solomon (this is only based on Jewish Scripture).

The common ground in all theories for most Muslims is that:

  • A Muslim Prophet (as they claim all Prophets are Muslims) built the Al Aqsa following Allah’s orders making the mosque sacred.
  • That the period between Al Haram and Al Aqsa was 40 years signifying a connection between the two.

[to read the full story of the promised land click here]

The ‘Promised’ Land

The divine promise found in the Hebrew Bible is made to Prophet Abraham and is as follows:

  • The LORD had said to Abram, “Leave your country, your people and your father’s household and go to the land I will show you.”
  • The LORD appeared to Abram and said, “To your offspring [or seed] I will give this land.”
  • "I am the LORD, who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldeans to give you this land to take possession of it."
  • On that day the LORD made a covenant with Abram and said, “To your descendants I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates…”

The Jews have always maintained that the land was ‘promised’ to Isaac and therefore exclusively to the Jews. It can be clearly seen however, that the promise was to Abraham and his descendants. Which include Isaac, Ischmael and Easu (Easu is mentioned in the Bible and not the Quran however).

Now this promise could either refer to literal descendants, or could refer to the followers of the creed that Abraham first came with. Let’s assume one at a time.

  1. Literal Descendants:
  • Prophet Muhammed is of the direct lineage of Prophet Ischmael and therefore of Prophet Abraham. His living descendants still live amongst us today. So the promise of the land would also include the Muslims.
  • The overwhelming majority of Ashkenazi Jews alive today are not direct descendants of Isaac and the Israelities. Rather there are claims that they are descendants of the Khazars who converted to Judaism during the 8th or 9th century A.D. Rebuttals of that claim still couldn’t prove a direct link between most Jews today and Israelites.

2. Followers of the creed.

  • While the Muslims have been firm on the same religion that Muhammed first appeared with (and claims to be the same as the original Abrahamic faith) for the past 1400 years
  • The israelites (note we are talking about the israelites not the jews) have repeatedly abandoned the Abrahamic faith that was sent to them via numerous Prophets (this is told by both Islamic and Jewish traditions). As the story will show, they even disbelieved some Prophets in their lifetime, attempted to kill some and managed to kill some others.

The zionists’ conclusion therefore of Palestine as the right to the Jews because of the Divine Promise to Abraham is invalid. The jews of today hold no religious right to the place.

[To read the whole story of the promised land, click here]

The land of the Prophets

After migrating from Iraq, Prophet Abraham lived in Palestine for many years, but he was unable to have any kids with his wife Sarah (سارة) for a very long time. Late in his life (of 175 years) he migrated to Egypt (where the Heksos havent entered yet) where he married the egyptian handmaiden of Sarah who went by the name of Hagar (هاجر).

Lady Hagar gave birth to Prophet Ishmael (اسماعيل) in Palestine. One of his desendants is Prophet Muhammed (محمد), the Prophet of the Muslims.

13 years after Ishmael, Lady Sarah gave birth to Prophet Isaac (اسحاق). His son Prophet Jacob (يعقوب) was also born, in the year 1750 B.C., during the lifetime of Abraham. Prophet Jacob is also known as Prophet Israel. He had his 12 sons (later becoming the tribes of Israel) which include Prophet Joseph (يوسف) who lived in Palestine for some time.

That piece of land is therefore the root of all so-called Abrahamic faiths, which is one reason the conflict has been and always be a conflict of creeds.

Next we will handle God’s ‘Promise’ of Palestine. What was the promise, who was it for, and who has the right to that promise today…

[To read the whole story of the promised land, click here]

Prophet Abraham (ابراهيم) in Palestine.

The year 2000 B.C. (where we left off) to the year 1550 B.C. mark the middle Bronze Age. It is one of the most significant periods in the history of Palestine because it witnessed the first appearance of monotheism in the Holy Land. The nations that lived there before were all practising one form or another of idoltary.

Prophet Abraham (ابراهيم) was born and raised in the city of Ur in present-day Iraq. In Iraq he had his famuos debate with Nimrod (النمرود) and later recieved the divine order to migrate to Palestine with Prophet Lot (لوط) who was actually his nephew. He settled in the Palestinian city of Shechem (شكيم) near Nablus (نابلس). He did however visit other cities including Jerusalem.

Palestine at the time was under the rule of the Heksos (الهكسوس), who originated from the Amorites. Their rule extended for 207 years from 1774 B.C. to 1567 B.C. An interesting note about the Heksos is that they had some degree of freedom of religion. Therefore, even though they were idolaters, Abraham was allowed to practice and preach monotheism in relative peace.

[To read the whole story of the promised land, click here]

So who lived there first?

Archeologists tell us that people inhabited the land of Palestine during the Stone Age, but we do not know their Origins or ethnicity because there were no written records.

Writing began at different times around the world, mostly either during the Bronze or Iron Ages. Writing first appeared in and around the land of Palestine in 3200 B.C. coinciding with the beginning of the Bronze Age in those areas.

The Bronze Age is divided into old, middle and new Bronze Age.

The old Bronze Age extended from 3200 B.C. to 2000 B.C. and at least five civilizations inhabited Palestine during this period, and those we know their origin.

1) The Canaanites (الكنعانيون) : This clearly refutes the Jewish claim that Jews were the first inhabitants of Palestine and therefore its their right. The Jews did not enter palestine for another 1400 years. The presence of the Canaanites before the jews is actually implied in the Torah ‘Command the Israelites and say to them: ‘When you enter Canaan’ confirms the presence of Canaanites.

Historians claim that Canaanites most likely migrated from the Arabian peninsula to the land of Palestine and were therefore originally Arabs. However this also doesn’t give the Arabs the right to Palestine, as the Canaanites were idolaters. And since the fight today (i believe) is a conflict of creeds (muslims vs. jews) and both sides claim to worship the God of Abraham, neither can and should claim any relation to idolaters.

The Canaanites built more than 200 cities in Palestine including Nablus (نابلس), Bethlehem (بيت لحم), Acre (عكا), and Haifa (حيفا).

2) The pheonicians (الفينيقيون): a branch of the Canaanites, who lived in Northern Palestine.

3) The Amorites (الاموريين): Who were the forerunners of the Heksos.

4) Jebusite (اليبوسيين) : The civilization that first founded Jerusalem (أورشليم), now named Al Quds by Arabs, and gave root to the city’s name.

5) The tribes of the Palast (اليلست) : who came from the sea from the Greek island of Crete. They primarily tried to invade Egypt but were prevented from doing so by Ramesses III and so moved to the promised land to give it its name today: Palestine.

[To read the whole story of the promised land, click here]

The very beginning.

History can be divided into two main periods: Prehistory and Recorded History. The transition from the former to the latter coinciding with the beginning of writing, and therefore recording, of history. It also means that our knowledge of both people and events from Prehistory is primarily based upon excavations made by archeologists.

Prehistory can be divded into three main periods: The Stone Age, The Bronze Age and the Iron Age.

The stone Age, where this story starts, is further subdivided into a Paleolithic (where humans were gatherers and hunters without establishing permenant residences), a Mesolithic (where agriculture was introduced, and mankind alternated a nomadic lifestyle with temporary settlements) and a Neolithic period (where development of cities began and eventually bronze was discovered moving mankind into the Bronze Age).

Palestine’s story is very ancient. Archeologists have found remenants from all three periods of the Stone Age in Palestine, indicating that people roamed that place from very early times. Artifacts as old as 1.5 million years were found in Palestine.

In fact, according to Muslim tradition, there is one theory that goes to say that Prophet Adam himself paid the land of Palestine a visit, but that will be further explained when we address the issue of who built Al Aqsa mosque.

A final interesting note: The city Jericho (اريحا) in Palestine is the oldest continuosly inhabited city in the world and existed since 8000 B.C.

History of The Promised Land.

السلام غليكم ورحمة الله و بركانه

I am before all a Muslim, my name is Mohamed Ashraf, 20 years old, Egyptian and hopefully a doctor!

I have recently developed an interest in the history of Religion. I will be contributing to this blog the story of the Land that is now in dispute between the state of Israel and the state of Palestine right from the very beginning up to recent times. I will try to take the story from the times of Adam all the way through Prehistory, the times of the Abraham and his sons, the jews, the Romans, the Persians, the Muslims up to the creation of the State of Israel.